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Acute Diarrhea in Adults

Level: Meta-analyses, Systematic reviews, Practice guidelines: 29 Abstracts

Legend: : Key Development,  : Very Important,  : Important, [no star]: Special Mention

Reduced osmolarity oral rehydration solution for treating cholera.
Murphy C, Hahn S, Volmink J, Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2004 Oct 18;(4):CD003754

Guideline for the management of acute diarrhea in adults.
Manatsathit S, Dupont HL, Farthing M, Kositchaiwat C, Leelakusolvong S, Ramakrishna BS, Sabra A, Speelman P, Surangsrirat S, Working Party of the Program Committ of the Bangkok World Congress of Gastroenterology 2002, J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2002 Feb;17 Suppl:S54-71

Anti-rotavirus protein reduces stool output in infants with diarrhea: arandomized placebo-controlled trial.
Sarker SA, Jäkel M, Sultana S, Alam NH, Bardhan PK, Chisti MJ, Salam MA, TheisW, Hammarström L, Frenken LG., Gastroenterology. 2013 Oct;145(4):740-748.e8. doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2013.06.053. Epub 2013 Jul 2.

Comments: llama-derived, heavy-chain antibody fragment called anti-rotavirus protein (ARP1) was shown in a placebo-controlled trial to reduced stool output in male infants with severe rotavirus-associated diarrhea.

Nutritional interventions for reducing gastrointestinal toxicity in adultsundergoing radical pelvic radiotherapy.
Henson CC, Burden S, Davidson SE, Lal S., Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Nov 26;11:CD009896. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD009896.pub2.

Comments: Benefits demonstrated with dietary modification (modified fat, lactose-restriction, fat-restriction and fibre supplementation) during pelvic radiotherapy to reduce diarrhoea.

Lactose avoidance for young children with acute diarrhoea.
MacGillivray S, Fahey T, McGuire W., Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Oct 31;10:CD005433. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD005433.pub2.

Comments: In young children with acute diarrhoea change to a lactose-free diet may result in earlier resolution of acute diarrhoea.

Effect of provision of daily zinc and iron with several micronutrients on growth and morbidity among young children in Pakistan: a cluster-randomised trial.
Soofi S, Cousens S, Iqbal SP, Akhund T, Khan J, Ahmed I, Zaidi AK, Bhutta ZA., Lancet. 2013 Jul 6;382(9886):29-40. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(13)60437-7. Epub 2013 Apr 18.

Comments: Micronutrient powder with zinc and iron slightly improved iron-deficiency in children in Pakistan.

Oral zinc for treating diarrhoea in children.
Lazzerini M, Ronfani L., Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Jan 31;1:CD005436. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD005436.pub4.
Comments: Cochrane review

Antibiotics for acute otitis media in children.
Venekamp RP, Sanders S, Glasziou PP, Del Mar CB, Rovers MM., Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Jan 31;1:CD000219. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD000219.pub3.

Comments: Cochrane review

Global and regional mortality from 235 causes of death for 20 age groups in 1990 and 2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010.
Lozano R, Naghavi M, Foreman K, Lim S, Shibuya K, Aboyans V, Abraham J, Adair T, Aggarwal R, Ahn SY, Alvarado M, Anderson HR, Anderson LM, Andrews KG, Atkinson C,Baddour LM, Barker-Collo S, Bartels DH, Bell ML, Benjamin EJ, Bennett D, BhallaK, Bikbov B, Bin Abdulhak A, Birbeck G, Blyth F, Bolliger I, Boufous S, BucelloC, Burch M, Burney P, Carapetis J, Chen H, Chou D, Chugh SS, Coffeng LE, ColanSD, Colquhoun S, Colson KE, Condon J, Connor MD, Cooper LT, Corriere M,Cortinovis M, de Vaccaro KC, Couser W, Cowie BC, Criqui MH, Cross M, DabhadkarKC, Dahodwala N, De Leo D, Degenhardt L, Delossantos A, Denenberg J, Des Jarlais DC, Dharmaratne SD, Dorsey ER, Driscoll T, Duber H, Ebel B, Erwin PJ, EspindolaP, Ezzati M, Feigin V, Flaxman AD, Forouzanfar MH, Fowkes FG, Franklin R, FransenM, Freeman MK, Gabriel SE, Gakidou E, Gaspari F, Gillum RF, Gonzalez-Medina D,Halasa YA, Haring D, Harrison JE, Havmoeller R, Hay RJ, Hoen B, Hotez PJ, Hoy D, Jacobsen KH, James SL, Jasrasaria R, Jayaraman S, Johns N, Karthikeyan G,Kassebaum N, Keren A, Khoo JP, Knowlton LM, Kobusingye O, Koranteng A,Krishnamurthi R, Lipnick M, Lipshultz SE, Ohno SL, Mabweijano J, MacIntyre MF,Mallinger L, March L, Marks GB, Marks R, Matsumori A, Matzopoulos R, Mayosi BM,McAnulty JH, McDermott MM, McGrath J, Mensah GA, Merriman TR, Michaud C, MillerM, Miller TR, Mock C, Mocumbi AO, Mokdad AA, Moran A, Mulholland K, Nair MN,Naldi L, Narayan KM, Nasseri K, Norman P, O'Donnell M, Omer SB, Ortblad K,Osborne R, Ozgediz D, Pahari B, Pandian JD, Rivero AP, Padilla RP, Perez-Ruiz F, Perico N, Phillips D, Pierce K, Pope CA 3rd, Porrini E, Pourmalek F, Raju M,Ranganathan D, Rehm JT, Rein DB, Remuzzi G, Rivara FP, Roberts T, De León FR,Rosenfeld LC, Rushton L, Sacco RL, Salomon JA, Sampson U, Sanman E, Schwebel DC, Segui-Gomez M, Shepard DS, Singh D, Singleton J, Sliwa K, Smith E, Steer A,Taylor JA, Thomas B, Tleyjeh IM, Towbin JA, Truelsen T, Undurraga EA,Venketasubramanian N, Vijayakumar L, Vos T, Wagner GR, Wang M, Wang W, Watt K,Weinstock MA, Weintraub R, Wilkinson JD, Woolf AD, Wulf S, Yeh PH, Yip P,Zabetian A, Zheng ZJ, Lopez AD, Murray CJ, AlMazroa MA, Memish ZA., Lancet. 2012 Dec 15;380(9859):2095-128. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(12)61728-0.

Oral zinc for treating diarrhoea in children.
Lazzerini M, Ronfani L., Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012 Jun 13;6:CD005436. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD005436.pub3.

Comments: Preliminary study on zinc supplepmentation in diarrhoea: not conclusive.

Meta-analysis: zinc supplementation for acute gastroenteritis in children.
Patro B, Golicki D, Szajewska H., Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2008 Sep 15;28(6):713-23.

Zinc in the treatment of acute diarrhea: current status and assessment.
Hoque KM, Binder HJ, Gastroenterology. 2006 Jun;130(7):2201-5

Is Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG effective in preventing the onset of antibiotic-associated diarrhoea: a systematic review.
Hawrelak JA, Whitten DL, Myers SP, Digestion. 2005;72(1):51-6

 

Antibiotics for exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Vollenweider DJ, Jarrett H, Steurer-Stey CA, Garcia-Aymerich J, Puhan MA., Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012 Dec 12;12:CD010257. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD010257.

 

Early versus Delayed Refeeding for Children with Acute Diarrhoea.
Gregorio GV, Dans LF, Silvestre MA., Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011 Jul 6;(7):CD007296.

 

Meta-analysis: Lactobacillus GG for treating acute diarrhoea in children.
Szajewska H, Skórka A, Ruszczyński M, Gieruszczak-Białek D., Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2007 Apr 15;25(8):871-81.

 

[Improvement in the management of acute diarrhoea in France?]
Martinot A, Pruvost I, Aurel M, Hue V, Dubos F, Arch Pediatr. 2007 Oct;14 Suppl 3:S181-5

 

[Medication in infectious acute diarrhea in children]
Cézard JP, Bellaiche M, Viala J, Hugot JP, Arch Pediatr. 2007 Oct;14 Suppl 3:S169-75

 

[Oral rehydration solutions and acute diarrhoea: an update]
Mouterde O, Arch Pediatr. 2007 Oct;14 Suppl 3:S165-8

 

[Viral acute diarrhea: clinical and evolutive aspects]
Olives JP, Mas E, Arch Pediatr. 2007 Oct;14 Suppl 3:S152-5

 

[Prevention and treatment of acute diarrhea in infants]
Turck D, Arch Pediatr. 2007 Nov;14(11):1375-8

 

Meta-analysis: Lactobacillus GG for treating acute diarrhoea in children.
Szajewska H, Skórka A, Ruszczyński M, Gieruszczak-Białek D, Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2007 Apr 15;25(8):871-81

 

Loperamide therapy for acute diarrhea in children: systematic review and meta-analysis.
Li ST, Grossman DC, Cummings P, PLoS Med. 2007 Mar 27;4(3):e98

 

Meta-analysis: Smectite in the treatment of acute infectious diarrhoea inchildren.
Szajewska H, Dziechciarz P, Mrukowicz J., Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2006 Jan 15;23(2):217-27.

 

Diarrhoea as a presentation of bird flu infection: a summary on its correlation to outcome in Thai cases.
Wiwanitkit V, Gut. 2005 Oct;54(10):1506

 

Rotavirus vaccines: an update.
Dennehy PH, Curr Opin Pediatr. 2005 Feb;17(1):88-92

 

Oral rehydration versus intravenous therapy for treating dehydration due to gastroenteritis in children: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials.
Bellemare S, Hartling L, Wiebe N, Russell K, Craig WR, McConnell D, Klassen TP, BMC Med. 2004 Apr 15;2:11

 

Clinical practice. Acute infectious diarrhea.
Thielman NM, Guerrant RL, N Engl J Med. 2004 Jan 1;350(1):38-47

 

Meta-analysis: the effect of probiotic administration on antibiotic-associateddiarrhoea.
Cremonini F, Di Caro S, Nista EC, Bartolozzi F, Capelli G, Gasbarrini G,Gasbarrini A., Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2002 Aug;16(8):1461-7.