Probiotics are live microorganisms that, when administered in adequate amounts, confer a health benefit on the host. Lactobacilli, along with species of Bifidobacterium, have historically been common probiotics. In 2020, the genus Lactobacillus underwent a major restructuring to better address the wide diversity of microbes assigned to the genus. Twenty-three new genera were defined, including some with well-studied probiotic species.
Prebiotic is defined as a selectively fermented ingredient that results in specific changes in the composition and/or activity of the gastrointestinal microbiota, thus conferring benefit(s) upon host health.
|English (newly updated)
|Portuguese (newly updated)
|Mandarin (newly updated)
|Spanish (newly updated)